A pH greater than 7.45, with a PaCO2
less than 35 mm/Hg, often
caused by hyperventilation.
Arterial blood gas example:
|Cardiovascular ||Diaphoresis, dysrhythmias, palpitations|
|Miscellaneous ||Dry mouth, arm and leg spasms|
|Neurological ||Blurred vision, confusion, light-headedness,
- pH = 7.5 - alkali
- PCO2 = 30 - alkali
- HCO3 = 24 - normal
Compensated Respiratory Alkalosis: if PaCO2
indicates alkalosis, and
indicates acidosis, and pH is normal, but more than 7.4.