level greater than 26 mEq/L, with a pH greater than 7.45; caused by an excess
, or a lack of acid in the blood.
Arterial blood gas example:
|Gastrointestinal ||Nause, vomitting|
|Musculoskeletal ||Cramps, tetany, weakness|
|Neurological ||Coma, dizziness, lethargy, seizures|
|Pulmonary ||Respiratory depression|
- pH = 7.5 - alkaline
- pCO2 = 42 - normal
- HCO3 = 33 - alakline
Compensated Metabolic Alkalosis: if PaCO2
indicates acidosis, and
indicates alkalosis, and pH is normal, but greater than 7.4.