|Crile||Straight or curved; serrated jaws; 5½” and
6½”. Also straight Criles with 1 into 2 teeth distally.
|Kelly||Straight or curved; 5½”. Similar to Criles,
but serrations only extend halfway down jaws.
|Kocher's||Fully serrated jaws; strong ratchet; 1 into 2 teeth.
||For thicker and heavier tissues.|
|Mosquito||Straight or curved, delicate, serrated jaws, fine
||For fine work, such as neurology and plastics.|
|Spencer Wells||Straight or curved; stronger than Crile and Kelly,
with shorter jaws.||General purpose.|
Hand held retractors:
|Czerny||Angular ends, 1 bladed and 1 fenestrated.
|Deavers||Curved handle and large curved blade.
||Retracting soft tissue, such as the liver.|
|Hook||Single or double (fenestrated), sharp or blunt hooks.
||For small wound retraction eg, tracheostomy.|
|Volkmann||Claw rake with 2, 4, or 6 prongs - blunt or sharp.
||To open wounds in shallow surface incisions.|
|Walton's||Malleable strip of 12” stainless steel.
||Deep retraction in pelvic cavity.|
|Aural||Oval or round cone like shape, with large proximal opening,
and smaller distal opening.
||Allows direct operation onto Tympanic membrane.|
|Killian||Scissor like hand grips - spring controlled.
||Blades allow gentle retration of nasal cartilage.|
|Rectal||Hollow specula, with handle at right angles.
||A blunt obturator makes the opening, then removed, leaving the specula
|Vaginal||Duck-bull like concave blades, pivot distally.
||Retraction of vagina gives view of cervix.|