Health & Safety at Work Act (1974)

Section 2 - Duties of employers to employees

2.1 General duties

To ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety, and welfare at work of employees.

2.2 Particular duties

So far as is reasonably practicable, and without prejudice to the generality of an employer’s duty under the preceding subsection, the matters to which that duty extends include, in particular, to 2.2.a - 2.2.e.

2.2.a Apparatus and systems:
Ensure the provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work which are, safe and without risks to health.

2.2.b Substances & articles:
Ensure, safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use, handling, storage, and transport of articles and substances.

2.2.c Competency:
Provide such information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary, to ensure the health and safety at work of his employees.

2.2.d Access & egress:
As regards any place of work under the employer’s control, the maintenance of it in a condition which is safe and without risks to health, and the provision and maintenance of means of access to, and egress from it, which are safe and without such risks.

2.2.e Environment:
Provide and maintain a working environment for his employees which is safe, without risks to health, and adequate as regards facilities and arrangements for their welfare at work.

2.3 Safety policies

An employer must prepare, and revise when necessary, a written policy of policy with respect to health and safety at work and, in particular, outline the organisation and arrangements which have been implemented to ensure that the policy is being implemented. Such a statement should be drawn to the attention of all employees.

2.4 Appointment of safety representatives

This section allows the Secretary of State to make regulations dealing with consultations between employers and trade unions, and their representatives.

2.6 Consultation

The employer has a duty to consult with trade union representatives.

2.7 Safety committee

The employer has a duty to establish a safety committee, if requested by trade union representatives.
Rest breaks at work

A worker is entitled to an uninterrupted break of 20 minutes when daily working time is more than six hours. It should be a break in working time, and should not be taken either at the start, or at the end, of a working day.