Cannulation
  1. Wash hands
  2. Don gloves
  3. Prepare the cannula:
      * Open the cannula wings
      * Slightly withdraw and replace the needle – this will make it glide easier when cannulating
      * Unscrew the cap at the back of the cannula and place upright in the tray
  4. Remove the cannula sheath
  5. Secure the vein with your non-dominant hand from below by gently pulling on the skin distal to the insertion site
  6. Warn the patient of a sharp scratch
  7. Insert the cannula directly above the vein, through the skin (10-30º) – ensuring the bevel is facing upwards
  8. Observe for flashback in the cannula chamber
  9. Decrease the angle between the needle and the skin, then advance the needle a further 2 mm after flashback to ensure it’s in the vein’s lumen
  10. Withdraw the introducer needle slightly so that its point is inside of the plastic tubing
  11. Advance the cannula fully into the vein
  12. Release the tourniquet
  13. Place some sterile gauze directly underneath the cannula hub
  14. Apply pressure to the proximal vein close to the tip of the cannula to reduce bleeding
  15. Gently pull the introducer needle backwards whilst holding the cannula in position
  16. Connect a luer lock cap or primed extension set to the cannula hub
  17. Dispose of the introducer needle immediately into a sharps container